No, police and probation officers are different. Police Officers have authority over a population of people that are within a geographical jurisdiction, usually a township, county, or state. Police officers enforce all laws in their geographical jurisdiction and are generally required to act when a law is broken in that area. A probation officer is defined as a peace officer under NYS Criminal Procedure Law 2.10. Probation officers have authority over a population of people that are ordered to be under their supervision. They enforce very specific rules and some laws that are outlined in orders issued to them by the courts. Probation officers are generally not required to immediately act if a probation term or law is broken. A Probation officer usually exists and operates within their county borders within in each state. However, there are federal probation offices and officers that work within the federal government and cross state borders and boundaries.